During the first National Assembly, there were only 10 women out of the members that were present. This is not to marginalize those women who did engage in acts of violence but simply to illustrate that they constituted in the minority. The French included some women, both Muslim and French, in their war effort, but they were not as fully integrated, nor were they charged with the same breadth of tasks as their Algerian sisters. The uprising that took place in October brought in a new a new constitution introducing a multi-party system . Zohra Drif - Retired lawyer and the vice-president of the Council of the Nation, the upper house of the Algerian Parliament. Algerian women can inherit property, obtain a divorce, retain custody of their children, gain an education and work in many sectors of society. In the second meeting of the National Assembly, 2 out of members were women . Political participation[ edit ] Prior to the war of independence, women were in general excluded from the political life. French colonizers opposed veiling because they viewed it as a symbol of national and religious values and beliefs that they sought systematically to undermine.
These associations made women more visible on the public arena . The remnants of this policy still manifests today in the significantly low literacy rate found in women over the age of There has until this day not been a female head of state. From to , women were proportionally represented in the small and marginal parties of the extreme left side . In , Algerian women occupied 31 percent of parliamentary seats, placing the country 26th worldwide and 1st in the Arab world . Background[ edit ] Algeria on the map Algeria is a country in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. During the first National Assembly, there were only 10 women out of the members that were present. Djamila Bouhired and Djamila Boupacha - Algerian revolutionaries and nationalists who opposed French colonial rule of Algeria in the s. Health[ edit ] In regards to reproductive services, 96 percent of births were attended by a skilled health staff in While the majority of the tasks that women undertook centered on the realm of the non-combatant, those that surrounded the limited number that took part in acts of violence were more frequently noticed. In reaction to French pressure, Algerians stubbornly clung to the practice and after independence actually increased its use. On the local level, the rate is only 18 percent, due to the fact that it is difficult to find women willing to appear on ballots in the communes . Women fulfilled a number of different functions during the Algerian War. Most Algerian women are employed by public administration and they occupy a lot of the teaching professions and "traditional" women careers in Algeria. Souad Massi - Singer, songwriter and guitarist known for her political views and currently signed to UK-based "Island" records. Urban women, who constituted about twenty percent of the overall force, had received some kind of education and usually chose to enter on the side of the FLN of their own accord. Algerian women are among the first in North Africa to become taxi and bus drivers. Though the elections are widely believed to have been fraudulent as a means of reelecting President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. In the second meeting of the National Assembly, 2 out of members were women . After a prolonged rule by France, Algeria obtained independence from France in Today, women are represented, although still not proportionally to men, in both parliament and in ministerial positions. The literacy rate of women is still lower than that of men it is female: This is a drop from 2. The French included some women, both Muslim and French, in their war effort, but they were not as fully integrated, nor were they charged with the same breadth of tasks as their Algerian sisters. Part of a series on Women in society.
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